The island was destroyed by the same volcano that formed it seven years before.
The U.S. Geological Survey defines a volcano as a vent in Earth's surface, either on land or on the seafloor, from which molten rock called magma, as well as ash and gases, can erupt or ooze. Different types of volcanoes erupt in different ways, with some erupting spectacularly and others, most notably Hawaii's shield volcanoes, steadily oozing lava. There are different types of volcanoes, including stratovolcanoes, shield volcanoes and cinder cones, and different types of lava and other volcanic flows. Volcanoes can be active, dormant or extinct. Most of Earth's volcanoes are located along the Pacific Ring of Fire, where many of Earth's tectonic plates subduct beneath another plate. Currently volcanic eruptions cannot be predicted, though most of the big, active volcanoes are routinely monitored and authorizes warn when they think an eruption is likely. Read below for the latest news on volcano monitoring and research, current volcanic eruptions and to see amazing pictures of volcanoes.
Using a technique to study seismic waves, researchers revealed a previously unknown magma chamber underneath a the Kolumbo submarine volcano.
A new study using lunar samples obtained by China's Chang'e 5 rover has revealed how the moon was able to remain volcanically active even after its mantle began to cool.
Researchers have accurately measured the height of the eruption plume from the undersea volcano that erupted in Tonga in January. The results confirm that it is the tallest of its kind ever recorded.
The explosive Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai volcanic event spewed so much moisture that it increased the global average of atmospheric water vapor by 5%.
An astronaut's photo of Mount Ruapehu, the real-life "Mount Doom" volcano, shows the contrast between the hydrothermal lake at its summit and the snow surrounding its peak.
A subduction zone is a collision between two of Earth's tectonic plates, where one plate sinks into the mantle underneath the other plate.
From the identity location of Cleopatra's tomb to the fate of the Ark of the Covenant, some historical mysteries may never be solved.
There are about 1,350 potentially active volcanoes on Earth. Where are most of these volcanoes located?
A NASA satellite recently spied the underwater eruption of a submerged volcano where sharks make their home.
Reference A volcano is an opening in Earth's crust where magma breaks through and when erupting can rain down molten rock, ash and gases. There are several types of volcanoes.
The violent eruption of an underwater volcano near the Kingdom of Tonga on Jan 15 was more powerful than 100 Hiroshima atomic bombs, NASA researchers estimate.
New aerial photos show a blanket of dust and ash covering the Pacific nation of Tonga following a massive underwater volcanic eruption.
A powerful underwater volcano eruption in Tonga on Saturday (Jan. 15) was captured as it happened in stunning satellite images.
A tsunami triggered by the explosive eruption of the underwater Tonga volcano in the Pacific Ocean slammed the shoreline of the Pacific nation Saturday (Jan. 15).
A satellite image captured by Landsat 8 shows Mount Vesuvius "peering" through an eerily circular hole in the clouds.