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Preserved Pompeii: Photos Reveal City in Ash

Ruins of Pompeii

The ruins of Pompeii

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The ruins of Pompeii. In A.D. 79, a massive eruption by Mount Vesuvius buried the town in ash, freezing it in time.

Pompeii Tomb

Pompeii tomb with graffiti

(Image credit: Allison Emmerson, University of Cincinnati)

A tomb in Pompeii covered in red graffiti. Wall scribblings were common all over the city, both on public buildings and inside and outside private homes. Research presented in 2012 at the annual meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America suggests tombs were no different.

Pompeii Sanitation

Pompeii pits and cisterns

(Image credit: Allison Emmerson, University of Cincinnati)

Pompeii is known for its sanitation system, which included waste pits and cisterns like this one, as well as toilets in homes and public fountains where water was pumped for household use.

Death in Pompeii

Pompeii body cast

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The eruption of Vesuvius buried the dead where they fell. After the bodies decomposed, they left human-shaped pockets in the hardened layers of ash. Pouring plaster in these pockets creates sculptures of death like this one.

Pompeii Baths

Pompeii stucco baths

(Image credit: Brooklyn Museum)

This vintage photograph shows the stucco details of the baths in Pompeii's forum.

Tombs of Pompeii

Tombs in ancient Pompeii

(Image credit: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division)

This photomechanical print from between 1890 and 1900 shows the Street of the Tombs in Pompeii.

Vesuvius Victim

A victim of Vesuvius in Pompeii

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A plaster cast of a victim of Mount Vesuvius' eruption displayed in Pompeii.

Painted Pompeii

fresco in Pompeii

(Image credit: Porojnicu Stelian (opens in new tab), Shutterstock (opens in new tab))

A partially preserved fresco gives a hint of the color of ancient Pompeii.

Art in Pompeii

Bronze relief, Pompeii

(Image credit: Brooklyn Museum Archives)

A bronze relief of actors with theatrical masks from Pompeii.

Pompeii's Destruction

Pompeii and Vesuvius

(Image credit: Brooklyn Museum Archives)

This undated vintage photograph from the Brooklyn Museum Archives shows a smoking Vesuvius looming behind the ruins of Pompeii's forum.

Modern-Day Pompeii

Mount Vesuvius with Pompeii

(Image credit: Boris Stroujko (opens in new tab), Shutterstock (opens in new tab))

A look at Pompeii and Vesuvius today.

Stephanie Pappas
Live Science Contributor

Stephanie Pappas is a contributing writer for Live Science, covering topics ranging from geoscience to archaeology to the human brain and behavior. She was previously a senior writer for Live Science but is now a freelancer based in Denver, Colorado, and regularly contributes to Scientific American and The Monitor, the monthly magazine of the American Psychological Association. Stephanie received a bachelor's degree in psychology from the University of South Carolina and a graduate certificate in science communication from the University of California, Santa Cruz.