Shipwreck Off Hawaii Was 1870s Cargo Ship
NOAA National Marine Sanctuary Program marine archaeologist Brenda Altmeier documenting the structural remains of the British sailing ship Dunnottar Castle, lost at Kure Atoll in July 1886.
Credit: NOAA

Marine archaeologists today confirmed the identity of a shipwreck discovered July 3 in the waters of the recently designated Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument.

The remains, found at Kure Atoll, are those of the Dunnottar Castle, a 258-foot iron-hulled cargo ship built in 1874. [Images: 1, 2]

"The Dunnottar Castle is an incredible heritage resource from the days of the sailing ships like the Falls of Clyde, Balcalutha and Star of India, when our maritime commerce was driven by steel masts and canvas, and by wind power and human hands," said Hans Van Tilburg, a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration marine archeologist.

NOAA researchers working from the ship Hi'ialakai confirmed the wreck's identity following its initial discovery by a volunteer with the state of Hawaii division of forestry and wildlife, Brad Vanderlip.

Home ported in Scotland, the Dunnottar Castle was bound from Sydney, Australia, to Wilmington, Calif., with a load of coal when it struck a reef at full speed.

During the recent 28-day expedition, marine archaeologists with the NOAA Maritime Heritage Program also investigated other shipwrecks, including a 19th-century American whaling ship and a U.S. Navy side-wheel steamer lost in 1870.