What is Fibromyalgia?
Definition of Fibromyalgia: A chronic disorder that causes fatigue and muscle pain at specific tender points on the body. Fibromyalgia primarily affects women in middle age, although men and young people may also develop fibromyalgia. About 5 million Americans suffer from fibromyalgia, according to the NIH. Below is a brief overview of the causes, symptoms and treatments, plus links to more information.
What Causes Fibromyalgia? Doctors don't know what causes fibromyalgia. There may be genetic link, and a physical or emotional trauma may trigger fibromyalgia. Pain signals may be amplified or more sensitive in people with fibromyalgia. People with fibromyalgia are more likely to have certain autoimmune disorders.
Is Fibromyalgia Contagious? No.
Signs & Symptoms:
- Tender points on the neck, shoulders, chest, hips, arms and inner knees
- Sleep problems
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Stiffness in the morning
- Mental fog
- Numbness in hands and feet
- Depression and anxiety
Treatment & Remedies: Managing fibromyalgia can be challenging. Doctors may prescribe pain medicines, antidepressants to help with pain and sleep, and anti-seizure drugs. Self-care can also improve symptoms: get enough sleep, exercise, eat healthy meals, and limit your stress.
- People with fibromyalgia are also more likely to have lupus, spinal arthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis, according to the NIH.
- Scientists think fibromyalgia amplifies pain by changing the way the brain processes pain signals, according to the Mayo Clinic.
- Women make up 80 to 90 percent of people diagnosed with fibromyalgia.
Sources and More Information:
- Fibromyalgia: Details from MyHealthNewsDaily
- Related Information from the Mayo Clinic
- Related Information from the National Institutes of Health
- Related Information of the National Fibromyalgia Association
This information is not meant to provide specific medical advice. It is for educational purposes only. We recommend you consult a qualified health care professional for diagnoses and treatment advice, and call 9-1-1 in emergencies.
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