What is Bladder Cancer?
Definition of Bladder Cancer: Abnormal cell growth that begins in the bladder, the hollow organ in the abdomen that stores urine. The National Cancer Institute estimates 73,510 new cases and 14,880 lives lost to bladder cancer in the U.S. in 2012. Below is a brief overview of the causes, symptoms and treatments, plus links to more information.
What Causes Bladder Cancer? The exact cause is unknown, but smokers are more likely to develop bladder cancer than non-smokers. One in four cases of bladder cancer is caused by exposure to cancer-causing chemicals at work. A prolonged bladder infection may also lead to bladder cancer.
Is Bladder Cancer Contagious? No.
Signs & Symptoms: Bladder cancer may leave blood in the urine (hematuria), which turns urine a dark yellow, bright red or cola color. Needing to pee often and suddenly, struggling to urinate, pelvic pain or pain during urination are all signs of bladder cancer. Testing is key, as other health conditions can cause these symptoms.
Treatment & Remedies: Surgery to remove tumors, remove part of the bladder or remove the entire bladder is common. Doctors also use chemotherapy to shrink tumors and the Bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine as immunotherapy to help your body fight the cancer.
- Bladder cancer is treatable if caught early, but it tends to recur and requires frequent testing.
- Dye workers, rubber workers, and some other factory workers are at a higher risk of bladder cancer.
- More men than women get bladder cancer.
Sources and More Information:
This information is not meant to provide specific medical advice. It is for educational purposes only. We recommend you consult a qualified health care professional for diagnoses and treatment advice, and call 9-1-1 in emergencies.
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