Since its advent in the early 20th
century, the radio has shrunken dramatically from the clunky wooden
"cathedral" design of the 1930s to devices you can slip in
your pocket. Future radios could be invisible to the naked eye altogether.
Researchers led by Alex Zetttl at the
University of California, Berkeley have crafted a fully working radio
from a single carbon nanotube 10,000 times thinner than a human hair. Carbon nanotubes
are man-made microscopic mesh rods composed entirely of carbon atoms.
Fixed between two electrodes, the nanotube
vibrates and performs the four critical roles required to receive radio
waves: antenna, tunable filter, amplifier and demodulator. Power is
supplied by streaming electrons from an attached battery.
Its inventors have already used it to broadcast two songs: "Layla" by Derek and the Dominos and "Good Vibrations" by the Beach Boys.
The team beat another group at the University of California, Irvine, who announced last month they had created a demodulator, which converts AM radio signals into electrical signals, out of a carbon nanotube. But that device was only part of what's needed to make a radio.
The Berkeley team says its microscopic
radio, detailed in an upcoming issue of the journal Nano Letters,
could be used to create radio-controlled devices capable of swimming
in the human bloodstream and other novel applications.
The work was funded by the National Science Foundation and the U.S. Department of Energy.
- Image Gallery: Micromachines